Manufacturing and the Function Of
Technology in 2023
Top 10 Questions and Answers about MES Software and Smart Factories
- What are the main benefits of MES softwarefor manufacturers?
- How can MES improve quality management and compliance?
- Which manufacturing industries benefit most from MES?
- How does MES software integrate with ERP, MOM, PLM etc?
- What KPIs can MES software help improve?
- What features should you look for when selecting MES software?
- What does a typical MES implementation process look like?
- How can MES software be customized for different environments?
- How to get employees on board with an MES system?
- What risks should you mitigate during MES implementations
What are the main benefits of MES software for manufacturers?
MES software offers major potential benefits for manufacturers on their Smart Factory journey including:
- Real-time visibility of production operations through digital data collection and monitoring. Allows quicker responses to issues.
- Improved quality management via statistical process control, corrective actions, traceability and compliance reporting. Can reduce defects.
- Increased efficiency by optimizing production scheduling, asset usage, inventory etc. Improves overall equipment effectiveness (OEE).
- Better labor utilization by freeing workers from manual data collection to focus on value-added tasks.
- Lower costs through less wastage, rework, optimized assets and staffing.
- Enhanced agility and flexibility to adjust production plans and workflows responding to market changes.
- Supply chain integration by connecting with suppliers on inventory, shipping etc.
- Informed decisions with analytics dashboards and actionable insights.
The key is choosing the right MES solution aligned to your operations and business goals.
How can MES improve quality management and compliance?
MES provides various capabilities to enhance quality management and regulatory compliance to drive Smart Factories:
- Statistical process control (SPC) to identify quality deviations and prevent defects by monitoring processes. Automated alerts trigger corrective actions.
- Traceability for lot genealogy and item history to determine root causes of issues. Supports recall management.
- Corrective/preventive actions (CAPA) workflow to document quality problems, investigations, and permanent solutions.
- Digital worker instructions/checklists to guide operators through consistent quality processes and standards.
- Electronic signatures to ensure worker accountability for quality procedures.
- Compliance reporting to generate reports needed for regulations like FDA 21 CFR Part 11.
- Integration with LIMS, MOM, ERP to connect quality data across systems.
Success depends on planning, user adoption, and effectively utilizing collected quality data. With proper implementation, MES becomes a core platform enabling proactive quality assurance.
Which manufacturing industries benefit most from MES?
Discrete manufacturers like automotive, aerospace, food, medical devices benefit from MES capabilities for production scheduling, shop floor management, quality, traceability.
Process industries like food and beverage, pharmaceuticals, chemicals use MES for regulatory compliance, batch production control, variable data collection, quality.
Make-to-order environments leverage MES to rapidly adjust output and workflows.
Complex supply chains gain end-to-end visibility and coordination with MES.
Companies with legacy systems can use MES to add digital data and flexibility.
Isolated tools like LIMS, MRP become integrated with MES.
In general, manufacturers moving toward intelligent, data-driven operations benefit most from MES. Choosing the optimal solution depends on assessing your specific environment, infrastructure, challenges, and goals.
How does MES software integrate with ERP, MOM, PLM etc?
MES software requires tight integration with other core business systems:
- ERP for material requirements, inventory, shipping, finance data. MES enhances on ERP’s limited production scheduling and shop floor visibility.
- PLM for product data like BOMs, routings, specifications that define the “what” to produce.
- SCADA for automation data from sensors, controllers on production lines. MES analyzes for OEE, quality.
- LIMS for seamless transfer of quality test results.
- MOM to aggregate KPIs across multiple MES instances.
- CRM, SCM for order data and supply chain coordination.
- IOT platforms for machine sensor data and condition monitoring.
This integration enables the digital thread connecting systems across product and asset lifecycles. MES serves as the manufacturing data hub synchronizing OT, IT and other sources.
What KPIs can MES software help improve your Smart Factory?
MES software can help improve several key manufacturing KPIs:
- OEE by reducing downtime, speed losses, quality issues. MES identifies causes of OEE losses.
- Yield by reducing defects, scrap and rework through quality management tools.
- Cycle times through production scheduling optimization and downtime reductions.
- Inventory turns via better visibility and coordination of material flows.
- Labor utilization by freeing workers from manual tasks to focus on value-add.
- On-time delivery through more accurate production scheduling and order tracking.
- Time to market by accelerating new product introductions with rapid tooling and changeovers.
- Compliance by ensuring processes meet regulations and standards.
- Costs by eliminating waste and optimizing resource usage.
The key is identifying your most critical KPIs and aligning MES capabilities to improving those metrics. Ongoing monitoring through MES dashboards enables continuous improvement.
What features should you look for when selecting MES software?
Key features to look for when selecting MES software:
- Configurability to adapt the MES without coding to your specific plant environment, products, processes, equipment etc.
- User-friendly interface for operator adoption on the shop floor. Touchscreen capability ideal for some factories.
- Real-time data collection via automated sensors, manual data entry forms, barcodes etc.
- Statistical analysis for identifying quality trends and OEE drivers through SPC, correlation tools etc.
- Traceability with genealogy tracking and serial number/lot management.
- IoT connectivity to integrate sensor data from smart machines.
- Alerts and notifications for operators and managers to drive corrective actions.
- Reporting and dashboards that provide visualization of KPIs and actionable insights.
- Scalability to support expansion as your operations grow.
- Vendor support and services to supplement your internal expertise during implementation and beyond.
Selecting an MES aligned to your needs and IT infrastructure is key for long-term value.
What does a typical MES implementation process look like?
A typical MES implementation process consists of:
- Defining business objectives and identifying targeted metrics improvements from MES. Gain leadership buy-in on expected ROI.
- Detailed requirements gathering through workshops with all affected roles to document processes, systems, data needs etc.
- Software selection based on ability to meet defined requirements for functionality, technology, cost, ease of use, support etc.
- Installation and configuration of software customized to your environment. Leverage vendor best practices.
- Integration testing to validate reliable data flows between MES and adjacent systems like ERP, automation. Fix issues.
- Simulation and training for workers to learn the system prior to going live, using realistic plant data.
- Phased rollout by line, plant, or site to incrementally deploy MES across facilities.
- Ongoing enhancement through additional integrations, new features, and processes as needs evolve.
Strong project management and change management are essential throughout. Be prepared to refine plans during implementation.
How can MES software be customized for different environments?
MES software can be customized to varying manufacturing environments:
Discrete manufacturing requires production scheduling, work order instructions, quality and traceability tools. Configure for complex routings and frequent changeovers.
Process manufacturing needs batch management, version control, material consumption and variables tracking. Accommodate repetitive batches.
Machining workshops demand tool crib and tooling management, preventive maintenance features. Integrate with machine monitors.
Electronics assembly requires component traceability, rework handling, test results linkage. Rapidly adapt to changing BOMs.
Regulated industries necessitate validation, electronic signatures, versioned procedures. Strict user security roles.
Make-to-order needs fast order entry and production estimation, dynamic routing changes. Handle high mix.
Mixed-mode combines process and discrete capabilities. Configure hybrid workflows and reporting.
The optimal MES adapts without custom code via configuration vs customization. Leverage pre-built templates and industry best practices.
How to get employees on board with a Smart Farctory or MES System?
Getting employee buy-in is crucial when implementing MES software:
- Involve staff early in the evaluation and planning process to incorporate user feedback.
- Educate on how MES benefits company goals to build support. Share success metrics.
- Train thoroughly with simulations and dry runs. Provide quick reference guides.
- Start small with a pilot focused on pain points to demonstrate value before expanding.
- Define roles and ownership so staff understand expectations and accountability.
- Encourage participation in optimization to foster engagement and ownership.
- Gamification – Introduce operator-to-operator competitions with small yet meaningful rewards
- Solicit ongoing feedback through surveys, town halls etc. Rapidly resolve concerns.
- Highlight successes by celebrating performance improvements and milestones.
- Phase rollout to build confidence with each new area.
- Provide IT support to smooth adoption and quickly address technical issues.
With active leadership involvement, strong change management, and user readiness, MES adoption can positively impact performance, culture and employee empowerment.
What risks should you mitigate during MES System and Smart Factory implementation?
Key risks to mitigate when implementing MES software:
- Lack of leadership commitment – Ensure executive sponsor drives alignment to business objectives.
- Unclear metrics – Define targeted improvements to KPIs like OEE, cycle time, yield etc pre-implementation.
- Poor requirements gathering – Dedicate time to thoroughly document processes, systems, and data needs.
- Underestimating customization – Leverage configurable software and vendor best practices to minimize edits.
- Inadequate testing – Conduct extensive integration and user testing before going live. Fix issues.
- Poor training – Provide comprehensive training through simulations and reference guides.
- Rushed rollout – Take a phased approach expanding MES once prior phase is stable.
- Limited user support – Ensure help desk resources are trained to support roll out.
- Trying to do too much – Focus initial scope on critical needs and expand over time.
- Lack of change management – Engage and communicate with all stakeholders throughout the project
Assigning a strong project lead, appointing “super users”, and working closely with the software vendor can help avoid pitfalls.
10 Main Key Takeaways about Smart Factory and MES Software:
- MES software enables real-time production monitoring, control, visibility and analytics.
- MES Systems improves productivity through increased efficiency, quality, asset utilization and informed decisions.
- Industries like discrete, process, hybrid, make-to-order all use tailored MES solutions.
- MES & Smart Factories enhances traceability, genealogy tracking, compliance reporting and recall management.
- Smart Facotries & MES Software reduces costs via less wastage, rework and optimized labor and assets.
- MES Software drives faster responsiveness to issues through alerts and corrective actions.
- Smart Factories drive OEE, cycle time, yield, uptime, costs and labor utilization KPIs.
- MES System implementation requires tight integration to ERP, PLM, SCADA, LIMS, MOM and other systems.
- Change management and user involvement are crucial for Smart Factory adoption success.
- Smart Factories require phased rollout, training, support and rapid issue resolution enable MES Software adoption.
In-Depth FAQ about MES Software:
Q: What are the main benefits of MES software?
A: Increased efficiency, improved quality and compliance, supply chain integration, informed decision making through data analysis.
Q: Which manufacturing industries use MES software?
A: Discrete, process, hybrid, make-to-order, regulated industries all use tailored MES software.
Q: What systems does MES software integrate with?
A: ERP, PLM, SCADA, LIMS, MOM systems need integration for a digital thread.
Q: How can MES improve productivity?
A: MES improves OEE, cycle times, asset utilization through scheduling, downtime and quality management.
Q: What KPIs are impacted by MES?
A: OEE, cycle time, yield, compliance, uptime, labor utilization, costs, quality, flexibility.
Q: How to drive MES software adoption?
A: Training, phased rollout, support, communication, user involvement in planning and optimization.
Q: What risks occur with MES implementations?
A: Poor requirements, change management, customization, testing, training, support. Mitigate through management focus.
Q: How to determine if your company needs MES software?
A: Analyze needs around real-time data, quality, efficiency, connectivity, analytics. Assess ROI.
Q: Should MES software be configured or customized?
A: Configuration is preferred to customize minimally using templates and best practices.
Q: How long does MES implementation take?
A: Typically 6 months to a year but phased rollouts can continue expanding scope over years.
Q: What MES capabilities support traceability and genealogy?
A: Lot tracking, serial number management, material consumption logging, production event logging.
Q: How does MES improve inventory management?
A: Synchronizing inventory with ERP, consumption tracking, lot control, optimization algorithms.
Q: What support and training helps MES adoption?
A: Simulation training, quick reference guides, ongoing help desk support, super users identified.
Q: How to determine readiness for MES implementation?
A: Assess infrastructure, processes, data collection, integration needs and internal expertise.
Q: What deployment options exist for MES software?
A: On-premise, cloud-based, hybrid models. Evaluate IT infrastructure readiness.
Q: Should you use a single vendor or best-of-breed systems?
A: Consider pros/cons of vendor consolidation vs specialization for your environment.
Experts and Beginners often ask: Does MES Software make a Smart Factory?
While an MES Software alone doesn’t create a smart factory, it is a foundational component, enabling the real-time data analytics, system integration, and production optimization that define Industry 4.0.
The core elements needed to create a smart factory include:
Connectivity and Visibility – A smart factory needs real-time data collection from production equipment, processes, inventory etc. to provide complete visibility. MES software centralizes this shop floor data acquisition through machines, sensors, operator inputs and more.
Analytics and Insights – With massive amounts of data, a smart factory relies on analytics to convert it into actionable insights for smarter decisions. MES performs statistical analysis on production data to drive OEE, quality, cycle time improvements and more.
Automation and Integration – Smart machines, processes and systems need tight integration for optimization. MES bridges islands of automation, synchronizing OT, IT and other systems into an integrated digital thread.
Agility and Flexibility – A smart factory must adapt quickly to change. MES enables rapid production schedule adjustments, workflow revisions, new product introductions etc. through configurable models.
Quality and Compliance – Consistent quality and regulatory compliance are essential. MES provides robust traceability, SPC, ISO procedures, electronic signatures and version control capabilities.
Efficiency and Waste Reduction – Smart factories pursue maximum efficiency. MES optimizes production scheduling, asset utilization, inventory and staffing to minimize waste.
While an MES alone doesn’t create a smart factory, it is a foundational component, enabling the real-time data analytics, system integration, and production optimization that define Industry 4.0. A properly implemented MES supports manufacturers on the journey towards intelligent, connected, flexible operations.
A properly implemented MES supports manufacturers on the journey towards intelligent, connected, flexible operations that create Smart Factories.
Other Key Components for building a State-of-the-Art Smart Factory:
- Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) – Sensors, instruments, devices, machines and assets that collect and share data through internet connectivity. Provides visibility.
- Automation Systems – Programmable automation controls, robotics, conveyors, technologies to automate processes and material flows.
- Artificial Intelligence – AI like machine learning and computer vision to extract value from data and make intelligent decisions.
- Big Data Management – Platforms and infrastructure to aggregate, analyze and store structured and unstructured data.
- AR/VR Applications – Augmented and virtual reality tools to assist workers with visibility, training, instructions, troubleshooting.
- Simulation and Digital Twin Technology – Software to create digital models of the factory for virtual testing.
- Cybersecurity – Solutions to secure connectivity and data exchange, ensuring resilience.
- Cloud/Edge Computing – Flexible computing infrastructure enabling scalability while minimizing latency.
- Additive Manufacturing – 3D printing capabilities for flexible, on-demand production.
- Along with the cultural transformation required to become a connected, data-driven enterprise. An integrated suite of advanced technologies enables the smart factory.
Conclusion about MES Software
- MES delivers major efficiency, quality, visibility and analytics benefits when properly implemented.
- Tailor and configure MES to your specific manufacturing environments and systems landscape.
- Prioritize improving critical KPIs like OEE, cycle time, yield, costs etc.
- Manage organizational change proactively and involve users early on.
- Follow proven project methodology but expect refinements during implementation.
- Leverage vendor best practices and templates to minimize customization work.
- Ensure software selection meets defined functional and technical requirements.
- Provide extensive training via simulation and reference guides.
- Take phased approach expanding MES across facilities over time.
- Secure leadership commitment to drive alignment on ROI goals.
Written by Chris Tremblay – ZeroDefectMfg.com
sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Ut elit tellus, luctus nec ullamcorper mattis, pulvinar dapibus leo.
Digital Transformation Resources for Manufacturers
Industry 4.0. Smart factory. The fourth industrial revolution. These terms reflect the seismic digital transformation underway in manufacturing. Emerging technologies like IIoT, AI, cloud computing, and more are enabling unprecedented performance, quality, and flexibility. But leveraging these innovations requires connecting disparate systems into an integrated digital thread.
A key technology providing this connectivity is MES (manufacturing execution system) software. MES digitally orchestrates production processes from order entry through dispatch. A properly implemented MES system enhances manufactures’ ability to optimize operations, assets, and decisions.
|MESA International||Nonprofit trade association for MES/MOM software providers and manufacturers||https://www.mesa.org/|
|Manufacturing Tomorrow||News and resources on industrial automation including MES systems||https://www.manufacturingtomorrow.com/|
|Automation World||Media site covering automation tech including MES software||https://www.automationworld.com/|
|Plant Services||Industrial plant management info including MES topics||https://www.plantservices.com/|
|Manufacturing Business Technology||Tech info for manufacturers including MES software||https://www.mbtmag.com/|
|Automation Alley||Resources on manufacturing automation tech like MES||https://automationalley.com/|
|MES Insights||Blog focused on MES and MOM software||https://www.mesa.org/en/mediacenter/mes-insights/|
|Manufacturing Technology Insights||Articles on manufacturing tech including MES systems||https://www.manufacturingtechnologyinsights.com/|
|Smart Industry||Media platform focused on digital manufacturing, including MES||https://www.smartindustry.com/|
|Manufacturing News and Resources||Publication covering technology like MES systems||https://business.directindustry-usa.com/|
|Food Manufacturing||Resources for food manufacturers including MES software||https://www.foodmanufacturing.com/|
|Manufacturing Global||News and info on manufacturing technology like MES||https://www.manufacturingglobal.com/|
|Manufacturing Operations Management||Thought leadership on MOM and MES topics||https://mom-institute.org/|
|Automation Techies||Articles on automation solutions including MES software||https://automationtechies.com/|
|ManufacturingTomorrow||Features on manufacturing automation and MES systems||https://www.manufacturingtomorrow.com/|
|Manufacturing News||Latest news on manufacturing technology and software||https://manufacturingnews.com/|
|Manufacturing Info Solutions||Manufacturing automation news and analysis||https://www.manufacturinginfo.org/|
|Smart Manufacturing||Information on the convergence of IT and manufacturing||https://www.smartmanufacturing.com/|
|IndustryWeek||Manufacturing industry news, trends, and analysis||https://www.industryweek.com/|
|The Manufacturer||Insights and news on manufacturing and engineering||https://www.themanufacturer.com/|
|Automation.com||Automation industry news and resources||https://www.automation.com/|
|Control Engineering||Information on automation, control, and instrumentation||https://www.controleng.com/|
|Modern Materials Handling||News and information on material handling and logistics||https://www.mmh.com/|
|Control Design||Articles and resources for control systems and automation||https://www.controldesign.com/|
|Industrial Equipment News||News and products for industrial equipment and machinery||https://www.ien.com/|
|Robotics and Automation News||Updates on robotics and automation in manufacturing||https://roboticsandautomationnews.com/|
|Industrial Machinery Digest||Insights on industrial machinery and equipment||https://www.industrialmachinerydigest.com/|
|Assembly Magazine||Information on assembly and manufacturing processes||https://www.assemblymag.com/|
|Advanced Manufacturing||News and insights on advanced manufacturing technologies||https://advancedmanufacturing.org/|
|Quality Magazine||Quality control and assurance in manufacturing||https://www.qualitymag.com/|
|Manufacturing.net||Manufacturing news and resources||https://www.manufacturing.net/|
|Production Machining||Information on precision machining and CNC manufacturing||https://www.productionmachining.com/|
|Industrial Automation Asia||Automation and control in the industrial sector||https://www.iaasiaonline.com/|
|Design World Online||Engineering and design resources||https://www.designworldonline.com/|
|Pneumatic Tips||Information on pneumatic technology in manufacturing||https://www.pneumatictips.com/|
|Arizona State University||Manufacturing engineering degree programs||https://semte.engineering.asu.edu/manufacturing-engineering/|
|Milwaukee School of Engineering||Undergraduate manufacturing engineering program||https://www.msoe.edu/academics/undergraduate-degrees/manufacturing-engineering/|
For manufacturers exploring digital transformation, evaluating MES solutions is crucial but challenging. There are many factors to consider from features to integration needs. Identifying the right software for your environment requires thorough research.